Jadraqui [khadraki]

There is a sweet village in Spain called Jadraque, but my subjective assumption is that this village was named Jadraqui by the Arabs and they ruled part of Spain for almost seven centuries. It’s true that during these seven centuries they didn’t always rule (and only tried), but naming one village should not have been a problem for them. And in upper-Arabian (one of the dialects) Jadraqui means chess and this decision was probably made by an Arab, who was in love with chess. Although, after several centuries (when the Spanish sent the Arabs off), the name of the village was changed with Spanish ending, and after several more centuries, in that sweet and tasty village, one hard working sweet Georgian man appeared. Specifically why and how Mr. Vova Tavberidze turned out there, I don’t remember, but I remember clearly that he played chess very well (unfortunately for me) and defeated me very often. Back then, after a hard surgery, it was very hard for me to be in the noisy Madrid (despite the responsibilities) and as soon as I was sent off from the university, I used to go to Jadraque. I was stayed in that small and cute home for several days sometimes and in the evenings, I used to open up a chessboard and with it welcome Vova Tavberidze at home. Despite the fact that Mr. Vova used to come home very tired from work, he still player several matches with me and won. I had defeated him as well, a couple of times, but mostly, he was the winner (and very convincingly) and once, he was so sympathetic towards me that he called Elizbar Ubilava to help me. I didn’t even know that back then Elizbar lived in Spain (after the 90s) and in the middle of the game, suddenly Vova dialed a number and handed the phone to me, - tell him on the phone what your problem is and maybe he can help you from the distance. Vova Tavberidze didn’t smile (neither did I) and I thanked Mr. Elizbar Ubilava and also apologized to him, because of the lack of time, not only from afar, but no one could have helped me from next to me either.

And no one did help me and that evening I lost once again and that same evening I decided to research and find the reason of my worry. Of course, I specifically meant the worry of chess and not the history of my hurt in general (it would be impossible to research) and first of all I wanted to find out how chess has entered Georgia. If chess was really invented in India and Indian merchants, along with Satsivi, brought this genius game to Georgia, then a question arises – why the Georgian name of chess is more alike to the Persian name of chess and not Hindi. In Persian, chess is called Chatrang and it’s logical to think that the Georgian word Chadraki (ჭადრაკი - chess) was a term derived from Chatrang and I apologize to Indians, but in Iran (some people) are still saying that this amazement was indeed invented by the Persians. As for this word and (accordingly) the distribution of this game in Georgia - this seems like a more arguable subject, because in Arabian, chess is called Shatranj and any Arab who would offer any Georgian to play Shatranj would get the same answer:

- Play Shatranj with your dad!

Apart from this, as far as it is known from history, the Arabs came to Georgia not to play chess and spread the game, but with completely different intentions and this un-peaceful intention is proved by not only Georgian, but Arabian historical sources.

As for Jadraqui (the upper-Arabian toponym that exists in Spain) – this word indicated that part of the Arabs received chess from Persians and the Persian word spread there, just like in our country.

I apologize to the Indians one more time, if the homeland of chess is actually India and here, we mention them less times than the others and they indeed deserve a thank you, since it is because of chess that Georgia has become the strongest in the world numerous times. The chess world knows very well that in the second half of the XX century (for several decades) Georgia had the best women chess players in the world, but every chess historian might not remember that the best chess player man of the nineteenth century was from Georgia as well. That man was Andria Dadiani – a distinguished Georgian poet, the grandson of Alexandre Chavchavadze, who graduated from the Heidelberg University, but because he was also a General, he was prohibited to participate in the official matches (according to the laws of that time), but who knows? Maybe Andria Dadiani could have officially become the World Champion of that time. Since unofficially, he has defeated the world’s strongest chess players numerous times and that is why Dadiani was named the Unofficial World Chess Champion of that time and he was the one who published the first chess bokk, which includes Andria Dadiani’s 100 best matches and which, to this day, is the best textbook for the chess players.

Although, apart from being a General, Dadiani (apparently) had other obstacles to face for becoming the Official Champion and most often (according to his contemporaries) Andria Dadiani was criticized for his excessive affection towards women. It was also said that because of women, the chess player Prince often acted in a very strange and sometimes in a stupid way and maybe my unsuccessfulness in chess has the same reason – the stupid things I’ve done for women…